PIB issued statistics of India’s Foreign Trade for the month of May 2020

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India’s overall exports (Merchandise and Services combined) in April-May 2020-21* are estimated to be USD 61.57 billion, exhibiting a negative growth of (-) 33.66 percent over the same period last year. Overall imports in April-May 2020-21* are estimated to be USD 57.19 billion, exhibiting a negative growth of (-) 48.31 percent over the same period last year.

*Note: i) The latest data for the services sector released by RBI is for April 2020. The data for May 2020 is an estimation, which will be revised based on RBI’s subsequent release ii) the figures in bracket are growth rates vis-à-vis the corresponding period of last year.

I. MERCHANDISE TRADE

EXPORTS (including re-exports)

  • Exports in May 2020 were USD19.05 billion, as compared to USD29.99 billion in May 2019, exhibiting a negative growth of (-)36.47 percent. In Rupee terms, exports were Rs. 1,44,166.01 crore in May 2020, as compared to Rs. 2,09,280.62 crore in May 2019, registering a negative growth of (-) 31.11 percent.
  • Except for Iron ore, Drugs & Pharmaceuticals, Spices, and Rice which registered a growth of 103.04%, 17.32%,10.55%, and 7.64% respectively, all other commodity/commodity groups have registered negative growth in May 2020 vis-a-vis May 2019.
  • Major commodity groups which have recorded negative growth during May 2020 vis-à-vis May 2019 are Leather & leather products (-75.07%), Handicrafts excl. hand made carpet(-72.77%), Gems & jewellery (-68.83%), Petroleum products (-68.46%), RMG of all Textiles (-66.19%), Jute mfg. including floor covering (-65.7%), Man-made yarn/fabs./made-ups etc. (-58.63%), Meat, dairy & poultry products (-56.38%), Other cereals (-49.53%), Cotton yarn/fabs./made-ups, handloom products etc. (-47.47%), Carpet (-46.18%), Electronic goods (-45.35%), Mica, Coal & other ores, minerals including processed minerals (-35.57%), Ceramic products & glassware (-33.48%), Cashew (-32.86%), Tea (-26.94%), Engineering goods (-24.25%), Oil Meals (-22.76%), Oil seeds (-18.41%), Marine products (-18.14%), Cereal preparations & miscellaneous processed items (-17.44%), Tobacco (-13.75%), Organic & inorganic chemicals (-12.71%), Plastic & Linoleum (-6.55%), Coffee (-5.71%) and Fruits & vegetables (-1.31%).
  • The cumulative value of exports for the period April-May 2020-21 was USD29.41 billion (Rs.2,23,117.42 crore) as against USD56.07 billion (Rs.3,90,301.96 crore) during the period April-May 2019-20, registering a negative growth of (-)47.54 percent in Dollar terms (negative growth of (-)42.83 percent in Rupee terms).
  • Non-petroleum and Non-Gems and Jewellery exports in May 2020 were USD16.36 billion, as compared to USD21.42 billion in May 2019, exhibiting a negative growth of (-) 23.61per cent. Non-petroleum and Non-Gems and Jewellery exports in April-May 2020-21 were USD25.44billion, as compared to USD40.96billion for the corresponding period in 2019-20, a decrease of (-) 37.89 percent.

IMPORTS

  • Imports in May 2020 were USD22.20 billion (Rs.1,67,977.68 crore), which was 51.05 percent lower in Dollar terms and 46.92 percent lower in Rupee terms over imports of USD45.35 billion (Rs3,16,448.93 crore) in May 2019. The cumulative value of imports for the period April-May 2020-21 was USD39.32 billion (Rs.2,98,502.76 crore), as against USD86.75 billion (Rs.6,03,881.86 crore) during the period April-May 2019-20, registering a negative growth of (-)54.67 percent in Dollar terms (negative growth of (-)50.57 percent in Rupee terms).
  • Major commodity groups of import showing negative growth in May 2020 over the corresponding month of last year are:

CRUDE OIL AND NON-OIL IMPORTS:

  • Oil imports in May 2020 were USD3.49 billion (Rs. 26,380.50 crore), which was 71.98 percent lower in Dollar terms (69.62 percent lower in Rupee terms), compared to USD12.44 billion (Rs. 86,822.36 crore) in May 2019. Oil imports in April-May 2020-21 were USD8.15 billion (Rs. 61,917.72crore) which was 65.79per cent lower in Dollar terms (62.66 percent lower in Rupee terms) compared to USD23.82 billion (Rs. 1,65,811.82 crore), over the same period last year.
  • In this connection, it is mentioned that the global Brent price ($/bbl) has decreased by 56.02% in May 2020 vis-à-vis May 2019 as per data available from World Bank.
  • Non-oil imports in May 2020 were estimated at USD18.71 billion (Rs. 1,41,597.18 crore) which was 43.13 percent lower in Dollar terms (38.34 percent lower in Rupee terms), compared to USD32.91billion (Rs. 2,29,626.57 crore) in May 2019. Non-oil imports in April-May 2020-21 were USD31.17 billion (Rs. 2,36,585.04crore) which was 50.46 percent lower in Dollar terms (45.99 percent lower in Rupee terms), compared to USD62.93 billion (Rs. 4,38,070.04 crore) in April-May 2019-20.
  • Non-Oil and Non-Gold imports were USD64 billion in May 2020, recording a negative growth of (-)33.74 percent, as compared to Non-Oil and Non-Gold imports of USD 28.13 billion in May 2019. Non-Oil and Non-Gold imports were USD31.10 billion in April-May 2020-21, recording a negative growth of (-)42.61 percent, as compared to Non-Oil and Non-Gold imports USD 54.18billion in April-May 2019-20.

II. TRADE IN SERVICES

EXPORTS (Receipts)

  • As per the latest press release by RBI dated 15th June 2020, exports in April 2020 were USD 16.45 billion (Rs. 125,409.04 crore) registering a negative growth of (-) 8.92 percent in dollar terms, vis-à-vis April 2019. The estimated value of services export for May 2020* is USD 15.70 billion.

IMPORTS (Payments)

  • As per the latest press release by RBI dated 15th June 2020, imports in April 2020 were USD 9.30 billion (Rs. 70,907.57 crore) registering a negative growth of (-)18.43 percent in dollar terms, vis-à-vis April 2019. The estimated value of service import for May 2020* is USD 8.57 billion.

III. TRADE BALANCE

  • MERCHANDISE: The trade deficit for May 2020 was estimated at USD3.15billion as against the deficit of USD15.36 billion in May 2019.
  • SERVICES: As per RBI’s Press Release dated 15th June 2020, the trade balance in Services (i.e. Net Services export) for April 2020 is estimated at USD7.15 billion.
  • OVERALL TRADE BALANCE: Taking merchandise and services together, the overall trade surplus for April-May 2020-21* is estimated at USD4.37 billion as compared to the deficit of USD17.84 billion in April-May 2019-20.

*Note: The latest data for the services sector released by RBI is for April 2020. The data for May 2020 is an estimation, which will be revised based on RBI’s subsequent release.

MERCHANDISE TRADE

EXPORTS & IMPORTS  : (US $ Billion)
(PROVISIONAL)
  MAY APRIL-MAY
EXPORTS(including re-exports)  
2019-20 29.99 56.07
2020-21 19.05 29.41
%Growth 2020-21/ 2019-20 -36.47 -47.54
IMPORTS  
2019-20 45.35 86.75
2020-21 22.20 39.32
%Growth 2020-21/ 2019-20 -51.05 -54.67
TRADE BALANCE    
2019-20 -15.36 -30.69
2020-21 -3.15 -9.91
EXPORTS &IMPORTS: (Rs. Crore)
(PROVISIONAL)
  MAY APRIL-MAY
EXPORTS(including re-exports)
2019-20 2,09,280.62 3,90,301.96
2020-21 1,44,166.01 2,23,117.42
%Growth 2020-21/ 2019-20 -31.11 -42.83
IMPORTS  
2019-20 3,16,448.93 6,03,881.86
2020-21 1,67,977.68 2,98,502.76
%Growth 2020-21/ 2019-20 -46.92 -50.57
TRADE BALANCE  
2019-20 -1,07,168.31 -2,13,579.90
2020-21 -23,811.67 -75,385.34

SERVICES TRADE

EXPORTS & IMPORTS (SERVICES) : (US $ Billion)
(PROVISIONAL) April 2020
EXPORTS (Receipts) 16.45
IMPORTS (Payments) 9.30
TRADE BALANCE 7.15
EXPORTS & IMPORTS (SERVICES): (Rs. Crore)
(PROVISIONAL) April 2020
EXPORTS (Receipts) 125,409.04
IMPORTS (Payments) 70,907.57
TRADE BALANCE 54,501.47
Source: RBI Press Release dated 15th June 2020

The Statistics of Quick Estimates for May 2020 can be accessed at: http://164.100.117.97/WriteReadData/userfiles/Quick%20Estimates%20May%202020.pdf

The Press Release can be accessed at: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1631701

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